ETF (Exchange Traded Funds)

Exchange Traded Fund !

Trade the Mutual fund on Stock Exchange.


Request To Call Back

A pooled investment security called an exchange-traded fund (ETF) functions very similarly to a mutual fund. ETFs often follow a certain sector, index, commodity, or other asset, but unlike mutual funds, they can be bought or sold on a stock exchange just like normal stocks can.

How Do ETFs Work?

Less expensive transactions and fees

ETFs have cheaper transactions and fees than mutual funds. This is partially because they are exchange-traded, thus brokers or the exchange cover usual fees rather than the mutual fund.

Access to markets

ETFs make it easier for normal investors to invest in difficult-to-access asset classes, such as stocks and bonds in developing markets, gold or other commodities, the foreign exchange market, and cryptocurrencies. ETFs can be shorted, margined, and leveraged for advanced trading.


ETFs are more transparent than mutual funds and hedge funds. Mutual funds, institutional investors, and hedge funds publish their holdings every three months, so investors don't know if the fund is keeping to its investing strategy and managing risks adequately. ETFs share their daily portfolios so investors can follow their money.

Liquidity and Price Discovery

ETFs are more liquid than mutual funds, which can only be bought or sold at the end of the day. The manner they are produced and redeemed balances out pricing arbitrages, bringing ETF share prices back to fair market value.

Features Of ETFs

Low costs

ETFs have cheaper management fees and expenditures than actively managed mutual fund investments.

Elimination of Manager Risk

With the objective to track an index and not outperform it, manager risk is virtually eliminated in an ETF.

Types Of ETFs

ETFs can be used to make money, speculate, raise prices, and hedge or mitigate portfolio risk. Here's a list of ETFs currently available.

Passive/active ETFs

ETFs are passively or actively managed. Passive ETFs strive to replicate the S&P 500 or a specific sector or trend. Second group: gold mining stocks. Most actively managed ETFs don't track an index. Portfolio managers choose which stocks to own. These funds have advantages over passive ETFs but cost more. Below are actively-managed ETFs.

Stock ETFs

ETFs track a single industry or sector with a basket of companies. An ETF may track auto or foreign stocks. The purpose is to give investors broad exposure to a single industry, including both high-performing and new, companies. Stock ETFs have cheaper costs and no actual securities ownership.

Bond ETF

Investors utilise bond ETFs for income. Depends on how well their bonds do. They may be government, corporate, or municipal bonds. ETFs holding bonds don't expire. They trade above or below the bond price.

Sector/Industry ETFs

Industry or sector ETFs invest in certain industries or sectors. An energy ETF includes energy firms. Industry ETFs aim to gain exposure to an industry's upside by tracking its firms. IT has recently seen a surge of investment. ETFs don't include direct ownership of shares, therefore volatile stock performance is limited. Industry or Sector ETF are volatile in nature.

Currency Exchange Traded Funds

ETFs (exchange-traded funds) track domestic and foreign currency pairs. ETFs serve multiple purposes. Political and economic factors can be used to speculate on currency prices. Importers and exporters use them to diversify or hedge against FX market volatility. Some hedge against inflation.

Commodity Equity Funds

Invest in commodities like oil or gold, as the name implies. Advantages of commodity ETFs Diversifying a portfolio helps buffer against downturns. Commodity ETFs can cushion a stock market decline.

What to look for in an ETFs

One of the best ways to narrow down your ETF options is to use an ETF screening tool. Many brokers offer these tools as a way to sort through the thousands of ETF options. You can usually search for ETFs using some of the following criteria


Trading volume over a certain period of time lets you compare how popular different funds are; the higher the trading volume, the easier it may be to trade that fund.


Past performance is not a good indicator of future returns, but it is a common way to compare ETFs.


The portfolios of different funds are often taken into account by screener tools, which lets customers compare the different holdings of each possible ETF investment.


Many ETFs are commission-free, which means that they can be traded without any fees. But it is worth asking if this could be a deal-breaker.


The lower the expense ratio, the less of your money goes to administrative costs. Even though it may be tempting to always look for funds with the lowest expense ratios, sometimes more expensive funds (such as actively managed ETFs) do so well that they more than make up for the higher fees.

Difference between Exchange Traded Funds and Index Funds

Parameters Exchange Traded Funds Index Funds
Base It will trade like other stocks. They are like mutual funds.
Basis for pricing Demand and supply of the security/stock in the market. Net asset value of the underlying asset.
Trading costs Higher costs. No transaction fees / commission.
Expense ratio low. Comparatively high.
Initial investment No minimum investment. It purchases in   regular investments through SIP.


If you are confused about ETFs for long-term buy-and-hold investing, experts say, ETFs are a great investment option for long-term buy and hold investing. It is so because it has a lower expense ratio than actively managed mutual funds that generate higher returns if held for the long run.

Exchange traded funds (ETFs) are ideal for beginner investors due to their many benefits such as low expense ratios, abundant liquidity, range of investment choices, diversification, low investment threshold, and so on.

How you can Apply for Exchange Traded Fund through Swaraj Finpro

It is quite easy to invest in Exchange Traded Fund through Swaraj FinPro
Invest Now